Integrated Architecture and Landscape
The field of architecture and landscape has a new theory called
"passages". An artist, James Wines, in response to the unprogressive
recent movement in architecture- "folding", defines "passages" as the
"interpretation of architecture and its context as a system of
passages linking buildings, landscape and
social/contextual/environmental communication. Buildings conceived as
integrations of structure and landscape are mutable and evolutionary,
constantly conveying new and metamorphic levels of information.
Whereas folding suggests a design process of methodical, geometric,
formal strategies [sustainable inventions are essential yet boring],
the notion of passages aims for organic and informal connections
between buildings and landscape.
Putnam Residence, Hollister Ranch, Gaviota,
Earth Sheltered, Passive Solar
Architect Robert Hotten, MLA/AIA
Contractor Scott Timmerman
Muntifiq Sheikh's house on the Euphrates.
Built entirely with giant reed or quasab plant, Phragmites
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