ECOLOGICAL PLANNING and DESIGN: Paths to Sustainable Communities

(Richard Meier, 1993) - This is the first complete work on the subject. Available from the Center for Environmental Design Research, 390 Wurster Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, FAX: (510)643-5571.


1. A New Way to Plan

Why Ecology? Pollution Fighters versus Sustainable Futures. The Way to Sustainablilty. Carrying Capacity. Energy and Sustainability.

2. The Basics of Community Ecology

Origins and Definitions. Principles for the Planner. The Actors and their Actions. The Foundations. The Flowthrough Model. Community Outputs. Interaction

3. The Primacy of the Life Cycle

The General Model. The Concept Extended. Age...Stage...Vintage. Sites and Life Cycles. Scenarions for Startups. What can be learned from Life Cycle Considerations?

4. Community Structure

Initiation of Social Structure. Boundaries within City Limits. Community Power Structure. Physical Components. Potentials for Planting. Community Design: First Approximation.

5. Ecological Accounting

Origins of Accounts: Money and Energy. Energy Accounting. Work and Entropy. Nuclear Power. Prospects for the Very Long Term. Energy Saving Site-by-Site. Transport Economies. Water Market Accounting. Demand Management for Water. Materials. Budgeting Time and Life. Transactions. Conclusions for Planners. Conclusions for Designers. Conclusions for Investigators

6. Knowledge as An Ecology of Images

Knowledge as an Environmental Actor. The Observable Composition of Knowledge. Choosing a Point of View. Images as Neighbors. Perception of Images. The Lifew Cycle of an Image. Software. What Should be Done with a Ecology of Images?

7. Community Design for Development

China. Bangladesh. Egypt. Resource-Conserving Micromodules with High Priority. Planning Strategy. Water Distribution and Sanitary Facilities. Household Goods Distribution. Educational Services. A Mini-Module for Networking. Biological Mini-modules. Institutional Mini-Modules. A Proposal for Bangladesh.

8. Doctrines of Environmentalism: Preservation, Danger, Risk

Preservation. Pollution and Dirt: Purity and Cleanliness. Risk in Urban Ecosystem. Nuclear vs. Solar: Judgements of Risk.

9. Health and Epidemiology

Comprehensive Health Planning. The Crisis in Health Service. Nutrition and Population. Population Planning and Education. Ecology of Disease. Chronic Disease Transmission and Control. Stress in Urban Ecosystems. Communications Stress. Overcoming Social Pathologies of Urbanization. Designs for the Reduction of Pain. Planning for Death. Checklist for Health-Promoting Design.

10. Law, Political Power, Conflict Resolution and Biosphere Relations

A Proper Charter. Modes of Self-Government. Negotiation and Mediation. Biosphere Relations. Demographic Exchange. Flow of Funds.

11. Survival, Evolution and New Environments

Evolution. Pressures Affecting Future Evolution of Communities. Energy Prospects. Pressures from Supra-System. Urbanization in Inhospitable Environments. Expanding into Wastelands. Estuarine Settlements have Highest Priority. Movement of Aquatic People and their Goods. Marine Colonies Offshore. Floating City Design. Space Colonies. Conclusions.

12. The Climax System

Sustainable Urbanism. Energy Transmission and Restorative Forces. The Future Water Econimy. Forces Restoring Major Losses. Forces Inhibiting Excessive Growth. Approaches to a New World Order. Planning for Equity at Steady State. The Population of Images. Alternative Global Futures. Ecological Ethics. Ethics for Individuals. POSTSCRIPT: Prerequisite Conditions for Sustainability of Cities.

ETHICAL PLANNING: The Neomodern Approach to Growth Management

(Robert Riddell, 1997) - This monograph contains conceptual boxes and illustrations. Available from Prof. Robert Riddell, Planning Department, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92109, Auckland, New Zealand. Email: FAX: 64 9 373-7410.


1. With Neomodern Intent

2. New World Development Tradition

Resource Plunder. Land Enclosures and Clearances. Settler Attitudes and Adaptations. The Humanised Landscape. Trends and Changes.

3. TheTheory Connections

The Ethical Canon. How Does Development Planning Work? Traditional Development. Radical Development. Alignment to Progressive Change.

4. Charter for Development

Exploitation and Discard Dynamics. Environmentalism: The Changing Reality. Resource Guardianship. Softer Pathways. A New Development Culture.

5. Regional Growth Management

Regional Multiplier Principles. Regional Development Information. Regional Development Basics. The Ever-Changing Picture (Growth Management, Coastal Zone Management, Agro Forestry, Tourism, Regional Assets, Unemployment Alleviation, Waste Disposal). New Regional Policy Directions.

6. Urban Growth Management

New World Urban Ethos. Placemaking: A Neomodernist Urbanity. Options and Actions (Urban Social Design, ExUrban, Small Towns, Water's Edge, Greenfield Villages, Raw Land Urbanisation, Retrofit and Consolidation, Shopping.

7. Importance of a Metaperspective

Instruments for Planned Change

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