Landscape Pedagogical Sketchbook
Copyright 1994-1998 Robert
Walkabout II.A. Perceptions
This is a landscape pedagogical sketchbook
beginning with space (as a container) and ground (the scene graph).
Space is the given that
precedes the objects in it... space cannot be said to exist
physically. (Arnheim, 1984)
The grid is defined in space. A base slab is
constructed on the grid delineating ground, as yet with a total
degree of openness.
A generated mesh (topographical contour) is
constructed on the grid. With an artifact or obstacle (node) placed in it the
scene now represents a figure and ground. This modification of the
approach to a
settlement is the primal architectural act.
Openness and obstacle
An archtypal obstacle, a column or tree, defines the
the scene. This path may grow into a labyrinth.
Another type of obstacle, a wall, can be the boundary in a scene. A
garden can be
contained in the enclosure.
Openness and enclosure
Lastly, openness becomes closedness. A court is defined by walls and
characterised by closedness and can be covered or have an opening to the sky.
Openness and closedness,
inside and outside
The discourse now includes the narrative between
Click drag to navigate
through openness, enclosure, and
in this QTVR
Form follows from movement through the
1. "Meanings are not merely the whisper of bat in the night; they
into flocks to sleep in the caverns of social thought and reemerge
flight to ignite a million imaginations together." (Walker, 1997)
2. "Narratives...intersect with sites, accumulate as layers of
organize sequences, and inhere in the very materials and processes
of the landscape.
In various ways, stories 'take place.'" --From Landscape
Narratives. by Pottinger. 1998.
Links to other Haptic Experimental Resources
U.C. Berkeley, College of Environmental
*denotes a core work
- *Alexander, Christopher. 1998. The Nature of Order. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
- Beardsley, John. 1998. Earthworks and Beyond: Contemporary Art
in the Landscape. New York: Abbeville Press.
- Bordwell, David, and Thompson, Kristin. 1997. Film Art. New
- Cline, Ann. 1997. A Hut of One's Own: Life Outside the Circle
of Architecture. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
- *Gilbar, Steven, and Brower, David. 1998. Natural State: A
Literary Anthology of Califronia Nature Writing. Berkeley:
University of California Press.
- *Groth, Paul, and Bressi, Todd W. 1997. Understanding Ordinary
Landscapes. Ann Arbor: Edwards Brothers, Inc.
- *Heim, Michael. 1998. Virtual Realism. Oxford: Oxford
- Kaplan, Robert D. 1998. An Empire Wilderness : Travels into
- *Jackson, J.B. 1994. A Sense of Place, a Sense of Time. New
Haven: Yale University Press.
- Magee, Bryan. 1997. Confessions of a Philosopher. London:
Weidenfield & Nicolson.
- Marling, Karal Ann. 1997. Designing Disney's Theme Parks: The
Architecture of Reassurance. New York: Flammarion.
- Museum of New Zealand. 1998. Dream Collectors: One Hundred
Years of Art in New Zealand. Wellington: Te Papa Press.
- Oehme, Wolfgang, and James van Sweden. 1998. Bold Romantic
- *Pottinger, Matthew, and Purinton Jamie. 1998. Landscape
Narratives: Design Practices for Telling Stories. New York: John
Wiley & Sons.
- Shingu, Susumu. 1997. Shingu: Message From Nature. New York:
- *Temple, Philip. 1998. Lake, Mountain, Tree: An Anthology of
Writing on New Zealand Nature and Landscape. Auckland: Godwit.
- Walker, Peter. 1997. Minimalist Gardens. Washington:
- Ward, Alan. 1998. American Designed Landscapes: A Photographic
Interpretation. Washington, D.C.: Spacemaker Press.
Robert D. Hotten, MLA Architect