A representation of the respective areas of the earth's surface in descending area: ocean 69%; desert 8%; forest 8%; grassland and pasture 8%; fresh water and ice 3%; agriculture 3%; urban 1%. Areas in a state of degrading metamorphosis are indicated with an X. Each square represents 2% of the earth's surface, or 10,000,000 square kilometres, in round figures.
Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism - 12 Things You Can Do
To Build Effective Low Cost Houses and Cities © 2000 Robert Hotten
To deliver a foundation
Section I. History, theory
Section II. Ecology, materials, and construction
To conduct an architectural and urban design studio
Section III. Environmental design methods and studios
Studios: 1.) Visualizing the imaginary place; 2.) The sustainable house;
3.) 3 times landscaping city (3xl); 4. CEC, green design student competition; 5.) The 3rd Millenium City
Instructor: Prof Robert Hotten
Course meeting times
8-January-2004 -- 10-March-2004
Lesson 1 -- 10 Jan
Lesson 2 -- 17 Jan
Lesson 3 -- 21 Jan
Lesson 4 -- 21 Jan
Sustainable design requires, as Derrida and others suggest, the end of history. That is the end of a certain concept of history. In the future of an unfinished universe, higher levels of organization (consciousness for example) may irrigate the field with unimagined possibilities. This then is the post-structuralist challenge for the art of eco design.
Concepts of sustainability
The first concept of sustainability is to exemplify principles of conservation, that is, synergy with nature
The second concept of sustainability is bioregionalism, or the concept that all life is on a community basis- that future shelter technology must function within bioregional patterns and scales.
The third concept of sustainability is ethical, weighing the paradox of our illusion of affluence against the injustice of environmental degradation.
Part III. Vernacular and environmental design methods and studios
What follows is a typically sustainable building process that involves these steps:
1. Use complexity of thousands of verb suffix meaning; 2. Transform the landscape into narrative; 3. Accommodate a post modern, rhizomatic (multi connected), sense of becoming and especially "belonging," in an ever changing existence. Satisfying the "wanderer "in the hotel, etc.
There are six historical principles (vernacular trends) to improve the energy efficiency and thereby effectiveness and useability of dwellings. They are: 1) siting and vernacular design; 2) shade; 3) ventilation; 4) earth shelter, 5) thermal inertia; and 6) air lock entrances. To this list can be added six new techniques of environmental design (technologies, methods of effectiveness, and design synthesis): 7) scale (footprint), insulation, design of future alternatives; 8) on site water collection and waste disposal; 9) solar water heating panels; 10) photovoltaic electricity generation; 11) recycling and use of local materials; and 12) on site growth of food, fuel and building materials. These twelve principles can be combined, as suitable, into synthesized solutions for various locations, users and climates that meet cultural needs with available materials under local conditions. The following begins to describe these methods and technologies and is an outline of twelve things one can do towards the end of poetic and self-sufficient buildings.
Effective low cost and sustainable building design works well with an integration of historic principles and new technologies and methods. These are some of the benefits:
Robert D. Hotten, MLA, Architect (firstname.lastname@example.org)
B. Arch, M. Arch, MLA, AIA (Former), NZILA (Former Chair, Auckland), NZIA,
Registered Architect: California - #C-12081, Hawaii - #A-6540, New Zealand - #6240.
Copyright 1995-2003 Robert D. Hotten, All Rights Reserved
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